1596 Triple Alliance Medal Van Loon I , S. 481 , Eimer 65 , Pax in Nummis 909.
In 1595 France war against Spain, which threw Spain into a multi-front war as she was already at war with England and the United Provinces. There in setting the stage for the joining of her three enemies uniting against her. In May of 1596 the Triple Alliance was formed. Within two months the first joint operation against Spain was in motion. The operation was to take Cadiz, which was the homeport of the Spanish treasure fleet. The English fleet, being comprised of one hundred fifty Ships and nearly fourteen thousand solders and sailors, set sail from Plymouth in route to Cadiz. Admiral Duyvenvoorde was the commander of the United Provinces fleet sent to Cadiz to join the English in the mission. Cadiz was the hub for American trade therefore taking the city would dislocate the Spanish trade in America.
The sacking of Cádiz is regarded as one of the worst Spanish defeats in the course of the war with England. The economic losses caused during the sacking were numerous including the city being burned, as well as the fleet, in what was one of the principle English victories in the course of the war. Spain declared itself bankrupt the following year. It could be said that without the Triple Alliance this might not have transpired. The end results of this victory over Spain was a complete and utter dislocation and devastation of the American trade.
The mounting worldwide significance of this budding republic was signified at the conclusion in 1596 with the signing of the Triple Alliance. Even though it was of a short interval and purchased by inflexible conditions, it implied that the United Provinces was from that juncture to be recognized as a sovereign power by not merely by the English, which had already directly signed a treaty the Estates-General, but for the French as well. This acknowledgment was accompanied with all the privileges as such, including the capacity to enter into treaties without the necessity of Spanish approval. Ultimately the Triple Alliance would last less than two years. The French came to terms with Spain in 1598 in the treaty of Vervins, therefore ending their involvement. The English would come to terms with Spain in 1604 with the signing of the Treaty of London. The last to come to terms with the Spanish would be the United Provinces. They would not come to terms with Spain until 1648 with the signing of the Peace of Westphalia.
About the medal:
51.3mm Silver Triple Alliance Medal. These medals have a clear connection to the New World. Frances G Davenport wrote European Treaties bearing on the history of the United States and its dependencies, thus these medals are referred to as Davenport medals.
The obverse is a hand from heaven representing the union being blessed or brought about by the will of God. The Shields of France, England and the United Provinces are joined. Legend RVMPITVR HAVD FACILE translates roughly “You will not easily tear”
Reverse legend NEXOS FAVORE NVMINIS QVIS DISSOLVES translating to (Who wants those separate , by God's grace are united ? ) Six coats of arms of the provinces Geldern, Holland , Zeeland , Utrecht , Friesland and Overijssel . Unsigned , by G. van Bijlaer
Recently Nomos AG sold an example of this medal for $2,800 plus a buyers premium.